Sleep Apnea is a condition identified by irregular breathing while sleeping. People who develop sleep apnea face multiple extended pauses in breathing while they’re asleep. These temporary breathing gaps can result into lower sleep quality and it can also affect the supply of oxygen to body which can lead to serious consequences. Sleep apnea is considered one of the most common sleep disorders. It can affect children, adults of both the genders; however, it is pretty common among man.  There are two type of sleep Apnea- Obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea (CSA). In obstructive sleep apnea people blocked airways lead to the pauses in breathing whereas in CSA brain stop sending signal to the body therefore, it is a nervous system problem. When the airway gets closed, the person will stop breathing, CSA tend to have more dangerous consequences. When the person gets their breath back, they might snort, take a long breath or awaken completely with a sense of gasping, choking or smothering. Sleep apnea can become dangerous if left untreated, it can lead to complications such as cardiovascular disease and depression. It can also have other complications such as feeling drowsy, increasing the risk of accidents while driving or working. Let’s dove into the article and know more about the symptoms, causes and treatment options.  

Symptoms 

A person who has sleep apnea might be unaware about his condition and the symptoms because it happens while the person is asleep. But their spouse or sleep partner might notice following symptoms: 

  • Pauses in the breathing for a while followed by a noisy breath. 
  • loud gasping in the search of air 
  • Snores loudly 

 The individual suffering from sleep apnea might experience following things- 

  • Fatigue 
  • Restless sleep or insomnia 
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Waking up several times a night to urinate
  • Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat
  • Headaches 
  • Irritation 
  • Heart burn 
  • Decreased sex desire and erectile dysfunction

Treatment

The options will depend on the cause and severity of symptoms. Treatment aims at bringing back breathing to the normal during sleep also finding any other underlying issue or any other health problem. The options will depend on the cause and seriousness of the symptoms. 

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle modifications are essential to normalizing breathing and are critical first steps in treatment. Basic lifestyle changes are essential for a healthy life. Also, lifestyle changes play a significant role in the overall treatment. 

They include:

  • Following a healthy diet 
  • Try and develop healthy eating habits 
  • Control the consumption of alcohol 
  • Quitting smoking 
  • Manage weight 
  • Sleep on the side 

If you want to get your hands on home based remedies, you can try some from the one mentioned below. 

Other treatment options include:

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy

This is the main treatment for sleep apnea. It keeps the airway open by gently providing a constant stream of positive pressure air through a mask. 

  • Medication 
  • Mandibular repositioning device 
  • Surgery 

This was all about the sleep apnea, if you suspect any of the symptoms, go and chase a Sleep expert and get your sleep test done.