convert smart village into a smart city?

The modern revolution that is sweeping the globe is no stranger to towns and villages, or at least it should not be because their future depends on it. Innovative technologies have entered rural communities to help build and change their social, technological, as well as environmental circumstances, ranging from Big Data to the Internet of Things (IoT). According to UN statistics, 55 percent of the global population now lives in cities, and this number is expected to rise to 68 percent by 2050. The inevitable result is population decline in rural regions, mainly in Asia and Europe where birth rates are poor.

For this population surge to be sustainable, it would be important to build a smart rural community and solve the problems that these areas experience due to a shortage of facilities and services.

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Concept of Smart village & cities

The concept behind smart villages is to change the model, so that instead of recognizing small rural communities as beneficiaries of government assistance, they are given the resources they need to become changemakers and active centers. The digital transformation of the villages would be the deciding factor in doing this. Potential consumers can be drawn from anywhere utilizing the internet and related technology, increasing quality and thus productivity, providing excellent customer support, and generating employment prospects both locally and elsewhere. The key impediment is the digital divide, which is described as the difficulties of connecting to the internet outside of big cities, as well as a lack of digital literacy, or training to equip the general public with the required skills.

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Factors Of Rural Transformation

Prospects for rural development are linked to a number of large changes, and in order for these areas to gain momentum, they must:

  • Changes in technology:  Applied biotechnology increasingly helps to develop new, highly durable, and healthier crops, as well as pest control and habitat regeneration through bioremediation techniques.
  • Changes in the environment: Climate change is affecting many agricultural lands, affecting crops as well as habitats, resulting in the extinction of plants and ecosystems. Sustainable resource conservation and environmental preservation are needed, and this is a challenge that must be undertaken by the rural community.
  • Changes in the economy: According to a survey released by the New York University, global market trends reveal an unstoppable rise in organic agriculture and sustainable goods, with sales rising five times faster than unsustainable products. In rural areas, this adds more value to the demand.
  • Changes in the population: The rising cost of living in big cities, along with modern teleworking options, is decreasing the abandonment of rural regions while also encouraging young people to move to the villages, where they can serve or start enterprises with a higher quality of life.

TECHNOLOGIES FOR A SMART VILLAGE

Latest technologies are being introduced together to assist rural communities in their development:

  • The Internet of Things (IoT): It is associated with the idea of smart cities, but it can still be seen in rural areas. For instance, sensors may be used to make crops more efficient or applied to health care and education in remote areas.
  • Artificial intelligence: Using artificial intelligence tools to improve crop and ecological management, as well as to optimize health care and infrastructure use, is a win-win situation.
  • Drones: Drones will automatically track hectares of land, gathering data on weather, crop condition, animal movements, and pest control, reducing pesticide usage.
  • Blockchain: According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), this technology can be also used to improve agricultural supply chains’ productivity, reliability, and traceability, making them more efficient and sustainable.
  • Big Data: The massive volume of data produced today (Big Data) enables precise analysis of climate change, as well as water use, livestock movements, pasture and forest development, and other vital details.
  • Nanomaterials: Use of such smart materials can enhance the sensors, use fertilizers, chemicals, and protective layers to enhance food safety, reduce pollution, and even minimize effects on plants from climate change.
  • Robotics: from self-driving tractors to robots that can collect fragile fruits one by one without destroying them, the advent of robots in rural regions is causing a boom in productivity and sustainability.

According to me, it’s time to develop our villages. We need to teach to every local group and provide training to the young people to help them advance in the chosen fields. They can integrate into society by using new methods and strategies, without fear of losing their properties, identities, or traditions. Also, this can lead to change in villages by increased agricultural production, water management and economic freedom. It makes a lot of sense from a psychological, technological, and political standpoint.