High blood pressure is a health condition faced by millions around the world. Before knowing what causes high blood pressure let us first know details of high blood pressure.
What is High blood pressure?
The pressure exerted by the blood flowing through the artery in humans is known as blood pressure. Arteries are the blood vessels responsible for circulating purified blood from the heart to the entire body. The flow of the blood through these blood vessels causes an exertion of pressure on its walls. Purified blood is pushed through the arteries during each heartbeat. There is a particular pressure which is considered to be normal in the case of humans. When the blood in flow exerts greater pressure than the usual on the walls of arteries, it is considered to be high blood pressure. One of the most common health risks associated with high blood pressure is stroke, heart problems, cardiac arrests , cardiac failure and kidney related problems.
Listed below are the two types of blood pressure,
- Primary Hypertension – The primary reason behind this condition cannot be stated. This is the most prevalent form of high pressure . An individual’s lifestyle and the ambience of living causes this type of hypertension. This type of hypertension usually takes many years in development.
- Secondary hypertension- This type of hypertension is caused due to certain medications or any health issue. The causes of secondary hypertension additionally include thyroid, sleep apnea and problems due to adrenal gland, kidney issues and intake of drugs.
High blood pressure symptoms
High blood pressure is most often termed as a silent killer because of its unique property of expressing no symptoms. Only through regular check up, high pressure can be measured. Still there are certain symptoms that can somehow warn one of high blood pressure. The symptoms are confusing since they might be confused for those of a variety of different diseases.
- Severe headache
- Bleeding inNose
- Breathing problem
Diagnosis of High BP
Blood pressure is checked with the help of a blood pressure monitor. The monitor shows two values . The value on the top represents systolic reading that is the pressure of the purified blood which is being wrenched out of the heart. The diastolic reading is the lower value, implying that the blood pressure is measured when the heart is filling with impure blood obtained from the body. The readings are stated in millimetres of mercy (mm Hg) units.
Blood pressure range
The top value in Normal blood pressure ranges less than 120 and the bottom value ranges less than 80.
Stage 1 High Blood Pressure ranges between 140 and 160 on top and 90-100 on the bottom
Stage 2 High Blood Pressure holds a range of 160 above on top and 100 and beyond on the bottom.
Prehypertension level belongs to the 120-140 range on top and 80-90 on the bottom.
How frequently should you check your blood pressure?
In case, one is suffering from high blood pressure, frequent and regular check up is necessary. Adults beyond 20 years must check their blood pressure at least once a year.
Know about what are reasons behind High BP
Only, by consulting a doctor , the answer to what causes high blood pressure can be answered. But some of the most usual reasons for rise in blood pressure level are,
- Extreme stress
- Certain medicines, for example birth control ones
- Genetically inherited
- High cholesterol
- Kidney problems
- Normal problems
- Fat and salt rich diet
- Leading idle lifestyle
- No exercise
What are the reasons for growing high blood pressure cases around the world?
Though, this topic is under severe research, the very common and widely accepted reasons are,
- Stagnant lifestyle
- Unhealthy diet
- Extreme stress
How to control High Blood Pressure
In case the high pressure is due to certain medications, only through consultation with the physician, this issue can be resolved. In other cases the usual ways to check high blood pressure levels are,
- Losing weight
- Proper exercise
- Healthy diet
- Less consumption of salt in diet
- No alcohol consumption
- Less of fat consumption
- Trying to reduce the stress by therapies, rest or yoga
- No smoking
In some cases, antihypertensive medicines are prescribed by doctors to lower blood pressure levels.
What are the associated health hazards associated with High Blood Pressure?
The most common diseases that are caused by high blood pressure are,
- Cardiac arrests and cardiac failure
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Loss of vision due to rupturing optical blood vessels
- Weakening of blood vessels of kidney
- Loss of memory and dementia
Rapid Rise in Blood Pressure
Caffeine is a substance raising the blood pressure rapidly. It should be ignored as much as possible by people with high blood pressure. High blood pressure should be checked before it causes risky health problems which can be fatal at times.