Bamboos are the most prominent members of the grass family. Its rapid growth makes bamboo a good member for afforestation and climate change mitigation. They are notable as economic and cultural significance and used for building materials, food sources, and versatile raw items. Bamboo looks like wood and is a natural composite material similar to timber, substantial softwood and hardwood timber.
Bamboo considers as the fastest growing plant in the world. Some bamboo species produce around 36 inches within 24 hours. It is approximately 1.5 inches an hour, 1 mm in every 90 seconds.
Most bamboos grow in moist, well-drained soil. Bamboo can be grown in many soil types, but some grow better in acid soil – avoid wet, boggy or dry conditions. Most bamboos prefer sunlight, but some species, such as Sasa bamboos, can be grown in shade or dark.
Mizoram is the famous state for bamboo in India and it is known as “Home Of Bamboo”.
Types Of Bamboo In India
Except Kashmir, you can find bamboo all around the country. Almost 50% of the bamboo species are covered in eastern Indian states like Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, West Bengal, Tripura, etc.
Around 148 species in 29 genres of bamboo are currently in India, both wild and cultivated. The maximum species is found in the deciduous and semi-evergreen regions of the northeast and the tropical moist forests of North and South India.
Here we are describing some types of bamboo in India.
- Bambusa Strita
Originated to Indo-china, this bamboo can grow 17-32 feet in height and up to 4-8 centimetres in diameter. The farming of this bamboo takes place all over the country. It is used for decorative purposes, making furniture, toys and construction.
- Bambusa Tulda
One of the most useful and famous varieties of bamboo, Bambusa, originated in the Indian subcontinent. It is also famous for Indian timber or Bengal bamboo. Bambusa can reach up to a height of 15-25 feet and has a dull green colour. It has major use in the paper pulp industry.
- Bambusa Polymorpha
This variety of giant and green clumping bamboo has many edible shoots with a sweet taste. This bamboo can reach up to 20-40 feet in height. It is very useful in the making of furniture, handicrafts, and house construction, this can also be used in landscaping.
- Bambusa Balcooa
It is another bamboo variety that also originated in northeast India is also known as Female bamboo. It can thrive to 39-73 feet tall and 6-15 cm in diameter. Almost all the parts of this plant are useful in many ways. The stems of this bamboo plant are useful in making bridges and fishing and agriculture implements, woven mat, etc. Its shoots are also edible as vegetables and leaves as fodder.
- Dendrocalamus Giganteus
It is known by the name of dragon bamboo or giant bamboo and can thrive up to 90-100 feet tall. In India, it can be found in Uttaranchal, West Bengal, Sikkim in the northeast, and Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu in South India. These states have the best cultivation of bamboo plants with a productive farm vehicle like Massey 241, because every farmer needs a productive farm and crops. The farming of this bamboo variety takes place for handicrafts.
- Gigantochloa Rostrata
There is another evergreen type of bamboo plant that is perennial in nature. This variety of bamboo is tufted with culms that can reach 16-26 feet and have a diameter of 3-5 cm. It has many uses, like making hats and baskets. It can be found across east India and in some parts of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.
- Dendrocalamus Strictus
This variety is famous as male bamboo or Narbas. It is the most common variety of Indian bamboo. It can grow to a height of 30-70 feet. It is very useful to make tool handles, chicks, agricultural equipment, furniture, mats, baskets, etc.
Cultivation Of bamboo In India
Bamboo is one of the economically developed yields in India, and it is likewise considered as ‘a helpless man’s timber. India is the second-biggest maker of Bamboo across the world after China. The yearly bamboo creation in the nation is assessed at around 3.23 million tons, but there is a big role of good farm haulier in cultivation of bamboo and makes million tonnes as like a better farm tractor Massey 7250. In Asia, Bamboo is the most incorporated piece of the way of life and is utilized as a substitute for woods. It is the most utilized part as development material, furnishings, mash and pressed wood. India is exceptionally lucky to be honoured with acceptable bamboo assets. Besides, the bamboo shoots are burned through as food and are viewed as a great wellspring of nourishment. The northeastern states are the significant Bamboo creating states in the country.
There are some steps for the cultivation of bamboo.
The bamboo plantation needs to grow well in hot or warm temperate climatic conditions. But its temperature must not be below 15 degree Celsius in the summers. When the bamboo has thin roots as well as ample growth, you must protect it from strong winds. Also, an area that receives cold winds is just not good for bamboo cultivation and can kill the tips of bamboo leaves.
Bamboo plants can be grown and cultivated in a variety of soils except rock-strewn soils. Bamboo plantation needs well-drained sandy soil and clay soil that should have a 4.5 to 6.0 pH range. If we talk about India, the Barack Valley region is best for bamboo cultivation because of its best soil and perfect climate conditions.
Harvesting of Bamboo
The unit for one acre of bamboo plantation is around Rs 9400 spread over a period of five years. Harvesting starts from the sixth year onwards. The yield and income from bamboo plantation increase each year starting from the sixth year. For the best yield and harvesting, it needs a productive farm haulier like Massey tractor 241. A Bamboo is a cash crop plant that has a low gestation period, faster growth and recurring economic returns, generation after generation.
So, these are the types of bamboo in India and cultivation of bamboo. For more information on agriculture, farming and other crops, stay connected with Tractor Junction.