Soybean is widely grown in the USA and it is the second largest crop that is grown on the farmlands of the US. About 80 million acres of soybeans are cultivated in the USA. Soybean is produced on more than 300,000 farms in approx 45 states of the USA. There is a high demand for soybean as it one of the major raw materials required for soybean oil, soy protein, soy milk, soy flour, and other soybean products. Hence, the producers use the latest and innovative agriculture equipment for attaining a better and a higher yield. In 2020, the production of soybean in the USA was about 4.14 billion bushels.
Cultivation of soybean is not only done on a high scale but also requires a lot of care and regular checking. The producers are always looking for the best farming techniques, agriculture equipment, and methods to enhance the production of the yield in order to get higher quantities of the product as well as to drive more profit. Here we are listing some of the useful steps that can enhance the soybean yield.
- Choose the best variety of seeds
Before you plan to plant the seed in the field, it is better to select the best varieties of seeds that can reap better results and more quantities of grains with high quality. There are several high-yield varieties of seeds available in the market that are the source of excellent potential yield. They are also resistant to diseases as well as the seed has lower chances of death syndrome. The high varieties of soybean seeds are the most preferred choice of the farmers in the Upper Midwest region.
2. Standard Closing Wheels
The use of Germinator Closing Wheels instead of the traditional and outdated standard closing wheels is highly beneficial for the producers. The Germinator Closing Wheels are made from high-quality steel and are resistant to rust as well as corrosion. Due to the use of high-grade steel used in the manufacturing of Germinator Closing Wheels, they tend to get not affected by harsh weather conditions, moisture, or heat. The spikes of the Germinator Closing Wheels are not harsh like the iron or copper-made standard Closing Wheels. Therefore, the Germinator Closing Wheels ensure that there is no risk of sidewall compaction or air pockets. It covers the seed furrow properly with lower down pressure to ensure that the seed to soil contact is well maintained.
3. Regularly irrigating the farmland
Frequently irrigating the soybean fields is a good practice to prevent the plant from dying or getting dehydrated. The producers need to water the farmland every day to reduce the stress on the soybean production and keep the supply of adequate nutrients to the plant. Water helps in transporting all the required nutrients from roots to all parts of the plant for the development and growth of the plant.
4. Uniformity and consistency among the seeds
It is important that the seeds are planted at a uniform distance in the rows as well as between the two rows. This is necessary to provide adequate space for the development of the roots without any compaction. If the seeds have a uniform and enough space between them, then they will be able to grow properly without hurting or conflicting with the roots of the other plants. At the same time, it is recommended that the seeds should be placed consistently in the farmland at the same time so that they will grow at the same pace and will be of the same size at the time of harvesting.
5. Treatment against pests
There are numerous pests who destroy the soybean plants every year, right from the time of planting the seeds to the time of harvesting the plant. Besides, molds or fungus are the culprits that can attack the farmland anytime leading to the loss of potential yield. Therefore more and more of the farmers use fungicides as well as pesticides frequently after regular intervals to prevent the seeds as well as the plant. The advanced quality of pesticides and fungicides are more effective against pests and mold/ fungus in the cultivation of the soybean. Apart from the pests and mold, there are various species of insects that can attack the soybean field ranging from various sizes and abilities. Therefore, producers insist on using insecticides in the farmland to safeguard the potential yield.
6. Development of roots
Some of the producers use soybean growth promoter that is helpful in enhancing root development. The application of root promoter delivers faster emergence of the seed and improves the overall system of the root for absorbing the nutrients as well as water uptake. At the same time, it helps in doubling the mass size of the root for better absorption of not just nutrients but also the water from the soil.
As stated above, these are the six essential steps that the producers can apply in their farmland to attain higher productivity as well as the potential yield of soybean.