Spices, we all are completely aware of its name because it is very common in our kitchens. It plays a vital role in our kitchen as well as in medicinal activities. We have been using spices as medicines for many years. Spices are being used as a big medicine for health in many diseases. They are a part of our diets and have a holy effect on human health.
All spices have been used since ancient times in daily meals in Indian kitchens. Spices are the life of food, and they have no taste or fragrance without them. India is a big and great producer of spices, around 80 types of varieties of spices are grown around the whole world, whereas around 50 types of varieties are produced in only India. Spices are used to improve our taste or health and an excellent source to consume vitamins B and C, iron, calcium, and other antioxidants. They can grow from various parts like Buds, Bark, Root, Flowers and Fruit. Spices are used for many organic ingredients, medical industries, cosmetics, religious rituals and aromatic perfumes.
Flavour is a must for every vegetarian or non-vegetarian lover and for Indian cuisine. An Indian kitchen includes many flavours of spices like garlic, ginger, turmeric, coriander, pepper, ajwain, jeera and much more. These spices also have a little home medication store with a kitchen.
Cultivation: Farmers live in different areas which have different climates, landscapes, plants and animals. Every farmer is dependent on ecosystem services, and they need many resources to grow food. They need natural resources like land, air, nutrients, water, sunlight etc. Farmers also need human-made tools and machine-made tools to work on the land.
For better cultivation, they need every resource which is used in farming. There are some steps that help the farmers to start farming of spices from beginning to end.
- Crop Selection
- Land Preparation
- Seed Selection
- Seed Sowing
- Crop Growth
For this complete process to grow spices, loosening the soil and mixing fertilizers, sowing seeds, they need a better farm vehicle to cultivate the farms. Farmers mostly choose the Sonalika 60 and Sonalika 42 , Sonalika 35 Tractor and suggest it to other farmers for better productivity of farms.
Top 5 popular spices in India
Indian foods are popular for their flavour, colour, aroma as well as medicinal use. Spices increase the richness and value of each food like stuffed potato, Rajasthani gatte ki sabzi, curry with garam masala, which increases the richness and taste of food. So, let’s start to know about the top 5 popular spices in India.
Turmeric ( Haldi)
Turmeric is a flowering plant that is used as fresh or boiled water and dried. It is a dark orange-yellow powder that is commonly used as a colour and flavour like in curries. Turmeric has a great diversity in India. Only India has around 40-45 species.
Farming: It requires sandy and clayey loam soil with a temperature between 20 °C to 30 °C and adequate annual rainfall to grow.
Clinical use: Ayurveda also says turmeric has played a big role in medicinal uses for a long time. It has high-quality clinical evidence to treat any disease. It has various medicinal uses like
|Body ache Skin diseasesStomach disorder Dental diseasesUlcers||Fever Stress & Tension Hepatic diseases InflammationDyspepsia|
Cumin ( Jeera )
Cumin is a flowering plant. Its seeds contain many cuisines of many cultures in both seed or powder form. It provides a particular aroma from its seeds. Cumin has the main production in India and China, which produces around 70% of the world supply and consumes 90%.
Farming: It requires sandy loam soil, which is able to hold moisture with high nutrient cultivation. Cumin requires Mid climate and winter weather for its better cultivation. Sunlight is the foremost essential for its better growth. Planting and sowing of Cumin are done in December.
Clinical use: Cumin has uses in traditional medicines. There are many clinical uses of Cumin.
|DyspepsiaTooth PainJaundiceStomachacheAstringent||Taste improverAntimicrobialCarminativeAntispasmodicWound mending operator|
Fenugreek ( Methi )
We must have noticed many times that fenugreek seeds are used in curries the most. Fenugreek seeds have a powder form element also used as well as oriental sauces, halva, etc. It is used in various dishes like chutneys, pickles, dal, sambhar, sodas, desserts and much more. India is a big producer of fenugreek seeds with many states. Rajasthan covers over 80% of the production of fenugreek seeds across India.
Farming: The tropical climates are suitable for its better cultivation. During seed germination, the temperature should be around 8-27 °C. It requires clayey loam soil and very low rainfall for its better growth.
Clinical use: It is also used as traditional medicine. There are various medicinal uses like-
|CancerDiabetesSkin irritationsArthritis Hernia||Fever Sinus problemsLoss of appetiteTuberculosis Sore throats|
Coriander ( Dhaniya )
Coriander comes in basic spices in cooking. It is known by many names and many varieties. Every part of the coriander plant is edible, but the fresh green leaves and the dried seeds are the most consuming part in cooking. The green fresh coriander leaves include many foods, mainly in chutneys, salads and garnish vegetables, soups, fish and meats etc., because of their rich taste and fresh aroma.
Farming: It is a tropical variety and suitable for all year cultivation. It requires sufficient rainfall and every soil type for cultivation. The process of planting and sowing coriander seeds is done during October and November.
Clinical use: It cures many diseases and is used as medicinal activities. There are many clinical uses like-
|Renal disordersDigestive disordersVomitingCoughNose blood||Allergies Burns Loss of AppetiteUrinary disorders Sore throats|
Clove ( Laung )
Cloves are the flower buds of trees with a fresh aroma. It is found in both whole and powder forms. It is a multi used spice that is used to make a rich taste of dishes, hot beverages, etc. Western ghats are very popular for clove cultivation in India.
Farming: It requires a warm and humid temperature of 20-30°C. With black loamy soil, it requires average rainfall for better clove cultivation.
Clinical use: It has a long use in traditional medicine. There are many medicinal uses like-
|Skin irritationPainsAcne & pimplesBacterial infection Poisoning||Antiperspirant Rubefacient VermifugeMorning sicknessStimulant|
So, these are the popular spices in India. For more detailed information about agriculture, stay connected with Tractor Junction.