Screening tests are performed to identify a disease before the symptoms appear in the patient. The objective of a screening examination is to diagnose the disease at an early and treatable stage.
Screening tests include laboratory tests that check blood and other fluids, imaging tests that generate scans of the inside of the body, and genetic tests that are used to check any inherited genetic markers associated with a disease.
Although these screening tests are available for the general population, an individual’s requirement for a specific screening examination depends on various factors, including gender, age, and family history.
4 Armed Health offers comprehensive screening examinations, including cardiac, genetic, and full blood screening, providing proactive protection and securing your family’s future health.
What Is Screening?
Screening tests can be described as proactive rather than reactive. They are carried out as a preventative measure to identify a potential disease or health problem in an individual who doesn’t yet have started to develop any symptoms or signs.
The purpose of a screening examination is early detection to minimize the risk of a disease or to detect a medical condition at a stage early enough for effective treatment.
For instance, an individual undergoing the HbA1c test for diabetes as part of a screening examination could be found to have prediabetes. Lifestyle adjustments and diet along with regular screening/monitoring tests can enable a prediabetic patient to avoid the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Screening tests are generally not diagnostic but are used for the identification of the patients who might require further testing to confirm the absence or presence of a medical condition or individuals who might benefit from early intervention.
When Is A Screening Test Helpful?
What makes a screening test incredibly effective is that it allows early detection of potential medical problems while minimizing ambiguous, unclear, or confusing outcomes.
Although a screening test may not be 100% accurate in all cases, it is usually beneficial to have the screening tests conducted at the proper times, as prescribed by your practitioner or healthcare provider, instead of skipping them.
Certain infectious diseases, like the COVID-19, during the initial stages, might present minimal or no symptoms at all. That is when screening becomes significant. Screening examinations help people to check whether the disease has started to develop silently.
Sometimes, screening tests are applied to the populations at community levels and are easily accessible and affordable for everyone.
What Are the Benefits of Health Screening?
Health screening is important as it allows early detection, which helps the patient get the right treatment at the right time, enabling better control of one’s health.
The benefits of screening for disease prevention were initially demonstrated in 19402 by using mass miniature radiography (MMR) for the identification of people with tuberculosis (TB). The effective treatment for TB was introduced towards the end of the second world war, and MMR’s use became prevalent in several western countries.
Screening tests should be a priority for everyone to make sure that our health is in optimal condition. Here we are going to list some of the top health benefits of screening tests.
- It identifies if you are at risk for a particular medical condition or have an illness that you are unaware of.
- Early disease detection leads to effective treatment and better management of the condition. It minimizes the chances of complications and elevates the possibility of better health outcomes.
- Age serves as a major risk factor in many life-altering diseases. Screening tests provide the option of early detection and treatment so that you can equip your body with the best defense against the disease well before time.
- If you have a family history of heart disease or diabetes, then screening tests can help you with prevention and facilitate you with timely treatments and interventions.
If you are under the age of 30, it is important that you get a comprehensive health screening done at least once two years. For people aged above 30, an annual health screening is strongly recommended. Also, for people over 50, more age-related screening tests might be required.
Early detection of a medical condition can help you prevent it from developing into a chronic disease. Screening tests can help you avoid morbidity and mortality, making sure that you are healthy and well.