If the movement of blood in your veins is slow, it can cause a blood cell clump that refers to a clot. Blood clot in your body leads to deep vein thrombosis. The clots of blood form in the deep area inside your body. Usually, it happens in the lower area of your leg, pelvis, or thigh.
It spreads to other areas within your body. DVT causes major problems related to your health. It can prove fatal for you in some cases. You must immediately visit a doctor if you get any of the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis.
Treatment of DVT is focused on three main goals. It inhibits the increase in the size of clots. DVT treatment also reduces the chances to get another DVT. It prevents your blood clot from traveling to the area of your lungs.
Doctors also prevent your blood clot of DVT from breaking loose. The options for DVT treatment are given below.
Anticoagulants are commonly used to treat DVT. These anticoagulants are also known as blood thinners. Such drugs prevent the breaking up of existing clots. They inhibit the increase in the size of clots to decrease the risk of getting more clots.
Doctors may recommend you to take blood thinners through the mouth. They can also give you an injection to put under the skin. IV usually gives heparin. The injectable blood thinners that are commonly used are fondaparinux and enoxaparin.
Doctors switch patients with deep vein thrombosis to pills after recommending injectable blood thinners for specific days. The blood thinners that people with deep vein thrombosis swallow are dabigatran and warfarin.
Your doctor does not recommend you some specific blood thinners to use with injection or IV first. Examples of these drugs are edoxaban, rivaroxaban, and apixaban. You may have to use blood thinner pills for the time duration of three months or longer than it.
It is necessary for you to use the blood thinners as your doctor recommends you. Patients cannot change the amount of dose that doctors recommend in order to reduce the symptoms. It also helps you to keep yourself safe from some serious side effects.
Regular blood tests are important to check the time duration of your blood clotting if you are taking warfarin. Pregnant women are prohibited to use specific blood thinners.
Another name for clot busters is thrombolytics. The doctor may recommend such drugs if your symptoms of deep vein thrombosis are serious. They also prescribe you these medicines when other medicines for DVT do not prove effective.
Doctors give you these drugs by a tube or IV. They directly place the tube at the affected area where the clot is present. Clot busters can cause severe bleeding in people. That’s why these are used for patients who have severe clots of blood.
Doctors may use a filter to insert in the area of your large vein, abdomen, or vena cava if you are unable to take medicines. Clots of blood do not lodge in the area of your lungs after breaking loose through the vena cava filter.
These are specific knee socks that help you to decrease the chances of your blood clotting and pool. Wear them if you want to prevent swelling in the area where deep brain thrombosis affected you. Use the stockings during the day for a time duration of two years.
Prevention Of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Simple changes in lifestyle help you to lower the chances of getting the disease of blood clots. Use these simple tips if you want to keep your blood circulation normal.
- Lose your weight, avoid smoking and take care of yourself. It is important to get active if you want to make yourself safe from deep vein thrombosis.
- Go for regular checkups. Use the medicines regularly that your doctor has recommended you.
- Try to avoid sitting for a long duration of time. Always take breaks if you are continuously traveling for four hours or above. Stretch your muscles and lower legs. Walk up after every hour. Use the clothes that are lose fitting.
- Drink a good amount of water.
- Try to not take bed rest for a longer time. Use blood thinners or compression stockings on your doctor’s recommendations to prevent yourself from getting DVT.