There are a variety of bank kinds, all of which have various target clients and functions. But what are the distinctions exactly? Although a big share of our financial life is dictated, many individuals don’t know about the distinction between the many banks. Find out what each bank is doing and how you may select the one that is appropriate for you. 

Definition of Bank 

It may appear straightforward, but it’s not a question that people ask enough. The banks play an enormous part in our lives, therefore understanding what they are is vital. 

At a high level, banks are financial entities licenced to take money deposits and to offer credit that enables individuals to borrow money. 

Many banks, however, also offer other services including financial counselling and currency exchange. 

Some banks serve just a certain number, while others serve the public in general. Other sorts of banks, for example the central bank, are the national governments’ regulatory organisations. 

Types of Bank

The globe has many distinct kinds of banks, each serving its own particular purpose. Whether you are wanting to create a savings account or take a loan is vital to know the types of banks that you have at your disposal. 

However, to achieve premium banking you need to fulfil each priority banking requirement. You can learn more about it below. 

Retail Bank 

Most people are the most acquainted with retail banks because they are mostly aimed at customers. 

Usually, for every day banking and other financial services clients will use their local branch. 

These local subsidiaries link up with a bigger bank serving business customers. In addition to basic banking, retail banks typically offer financial advice and offer personal borrowing and mortgages. 

In contrast to commercial banks, retail banks serve solely customers and don’t provide major enterprise loans. 

Commercial Bank 

Commercial banks mostly serve people and small companies. They often offer services comparable to retail banks: the ability to create check and save accounts, make loans to small companies, and offer other financial products. 

These banks are able to lend to the individual accounts utilising all deposits. From then, the bank gains money by charging interest on all its clients’ loans. 

Individuals can appeal to a commercial bank account since the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insures all savings and depositary certificates (FDIC). However, interest rates on their account tend to pay very little or no.

Central Banks 

More governmental than other banks described here, central banks have a role. They assist your country achieve the broad economic objectives of the country. This takes place mainly through monetary policy control and currency supply manipulation. Some other tactics are employed by the adjustment in reserve requirements, the purchase or sale of public securities and activities to impact the economic status of a nation. 

Cooperative and Mutual Bank 

The financial products provided both by retail and commercial banks can be offered by cooperative or mutual banks. It exclusively works on a cooperative basis, meaning that a share of the bank belongs to the clients of the bank. In this way, cooperative banks have to answer both their customers’ votes and domestic banking rules in an unusual position. Many cooperative banks are, however, also traded openly. 


Mashreq bank offers different types of bank accounts for its customers in the UAE. It provides its customers with the best premier bank accounts. Not only for Emirates but also for expats Mashreq is one of the best banks in the UAE.